Oldest Turtle Species
Of all the types, the largest turtle in the world is the leatherback sea turtle, having an average shell of length 6.6 ft and weighing around 2,000 lbs, while the smallest turtle that has an average length of 3.1 inches and weighs around 5 Oz is the speckled padloper tortoise.
It is evident from this huge difference among the smallest and the largest species of turtle, that there is a huge incongruity in the reptilian families. With the passage of time, the evolution of the species has occurred, resulting in more diversity among the turtles, each having its own unique characteristics.
There are even more than 300 types of turtles because most of the people come to know only about the reptiles that are in the pet trade.
The fossil records show that reptiles have existed on Earth for more than 200 million years. Given below is a small portion of the facts and pieces of evidence about some species of turtle.
Turtle or Tortoise- Difference
Many people seem to be confused with the apt usages of the terms “turtle” and” tortoise “. To put it in a simple manner, the term “turtle” applies to the members of the reptilian family that reside in Oceans and fresh water, while they call those thriving on land as “tortoises.” However, the main reason for the confusion is due to language interpretations. In British English, the term ‘turtle’ refers to those reptiles residing mainly in the sea, and ‘tortoise’ refers to the ones inhabiting in the land, while in American English, ‘turtle’ is a general term coined for all the species belonging to this family; and the species thriving in the sea are more specifically mentioned as ‘sea turtles’.